IJBSAT 2018 Volume 9 Issue 1

International Journal of BioSciences, Agriculture and Technology (IJBSAT) ISSN: 0975 - 4539

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Challenges of Adaptation to Climate Change by Farmers Anambra State, Nigeria. Onyeneke Robert Ugochukwu. IJBSAT (2018), 9(1):1-7

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Challenges of Adaptation to Climate Change by Farmers Anambra State, Nigeria

Authors & Affiliation:

Onyeneke Robert Ugochukwu

Department of Agriculture (Agricultural Economics and Extension Programme),

Federal University Ndufu Alike Ikwo, Ebonyi State, Nigeria

robertonyeneke@yahoo.com, robert.onyeneke@funai.edu.ng


The study analysed the challenges farmers face in adapting to climate change in Anambra State, Nigeria. The study adopted the multistage sampling technique in selecting a cross section of two hundred and forty farmers. Cross-sectional data collected with the aid of a structured questionnaire was collected was analysed using descriptive statistics. The result revealed that that the average farm size, years spent in school, and age of the farmers was 0.85 ha, 11.35years and 57.82 years respectively. The major adaptation measures of farmers to climate change were mixed cropping (100%), crop rotation (86.7%), applications of fertilizers (82.1%), use of sand bags (83.3%). There are fifteen major challenges to agricultural adaptation to climate change. The most common constraints include lack of finance, inadequate information and absence of early warning systems, and lack of capacity of extension service to build the resilience of farmers on climate change. The study suggests that farmers’ access to credit should be increased to enhance their ability to respond to climate change.

Keywords: Agriculture; Anambra State; Nigeria; climate change; adaptation; challenges